Beekeeper's practical guide
The content of bees in hives of different types
The secrets of beekeeping in questions and answer


Larvae, eggs and bees of all kinds, which have not reached maturity, are called brood. You can divide the eggs of bees into two categories - unfertilized and fertilized. Drones are produced from unfertilized eggs, working bees and uterus are born in fertilized eggs. The uterus knows which egg is fertilized and which is not. She places various eggs in different cells. For the unfertilized eggs, bees build larger cells.

broodThe ratio of different cells varies with the season. For deducing drones more cells in the spring, on the contrary in the summer and closer to the autumn. Deferred eggs are called inoculation.

After laying the testicles in the prepared cells, the larva hatch after 3 days.

Larvae live in royal jelly, which is filled with a cell. Working bees are engaged in feeding and caring for her. During a week, actively feeding, the larvae reach the size of the cell. From this moment they begin to create their own cocoon. The future form of the bee - the uterus or the worker is laid in the first week. Everything depends on food.

Bees do not feed the larva-uterus with honey and perga. Only royal jelly becomes the basis of its nutrition. Extra honey gruel is obtained by larvae of worker bees. All larvae of the hive are called - open brood.

The larvae are covered with a wax film after the beginning of the formation of the cocoon. It turns at this moment from the larva to the pupa. The period of this development is called a closed brood. It lasts about 10 days. The young bee that hatch from the cocoon begins to perform work from inside the hive inside the hive.

Not enough for a full life of the correct feeding of the brood. It is very important to observe the humidity and temperature conditions. Brood at low temperatures can freeze and die. To avoid this, bees do not leave the hive in cold weather, they warm the brood with their own body. Drones have the greatest heat emission.

No less loss of brood occurs during the heat. Elevated temperatures lead to mutations of the larvae (the bees are born wingless) and their deaths. On their proboscis working bees bring water to lower the temperature in the hive and, for air ventilation, wings their wings. For development of brood the most optimal temperature is + 35 -36 ?.