Beekeeper's practical guide
The content of bees in hives of different types
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Swarming of the bees. Swarm of bees

In the beginning of summer or at the end of spring there is a branch of a portion of bees prepared for swaddling, with a few young or with one old uterus. Separated part of bees finds new housing, it is time for a warm season to stock up with forages, to increase bees, to again release the swarm next season.

swarming of the beesMore energetically and actively to build honeycombs, collect nectar and pollen, as well as grow seedlings bees begin long before the release of the swarm. Then the bees lay the bowls for the mother liver and take care until the young uterus emerges.

Before leaving the swarm for 15-20 days, bees gnaw the edges of the tray holes. From those bees that gnaw ventilating bees are distinguished by the fact that they stand exactly and because of frequent swing their wings are not visible. In those bees, which gnaw heads are inclined to the torn object and the wings are folded along the abdomen.

If the eye is fully opened during the Roy's pores and its gnawing bees, the swarm will surely come out of this family. Before leaving the swarm, about two weeks after the laying, the bees begin to insufficiently feed the uterus. As a result, it reduces the pace of oviposition, it becomes more fluid, decreases its weight.

Forage bees during a quay condition reduce the intensity of departure in the field, poorly build honeycombs, hanging on the edges of the frames, in the hives gathering on the walls.

There are swaddling in clear, warm, quiet days with a temperature of 20-25 C. Observation of the outflow of the swarm can be from 8 to 18 hours in the evening, although the peak of departure takes place mainly from 10 to 13 hours. Young swarms of young uterus at different times go out.

You can learn about the runaway in 1-2 days. The first sign is the sealing of the first moth bees. The fact that the family is ready for swaddling, say evening bouts of bees at 16-17 hours.

On the day of roaming in the morning, the bees will fly out of the air and return to the hive again.

With swarm, it is usually about 50% of the mother's bees. It depends on the weather, but mainly on the amount of breeding and age composition of the family. If the family had a breeding ground and a lot of young bees, then more bees are going to swarm.

Under the influence of the signals given by the reconnaissance bees, the swarm exits the family. On the honeycomb in the thick of bees, the explorers make special rapid movements and produce specific sounds.

These movements of bees indicate the distance to the home and the direction to it. What housing is found better, the more active "dancing" bees.

Bees continuous flow at the exit of the swarm for some time moving along the bottom and walls of the hive, then go to the tray. From the beehive, the bees go out for 10 minutes.

The uterus comes out after a significant portion of the bees will emerge. Usually it rises in the air after it reaches the edge of the flying board. If you have time to approach the swarming family, you can easily catch it by covering the uterus with a cap. If you put a cropped uterus in the cockpit and hang in the place of concentration of the swarm, all the bees are going to be here.

Roy usually flies at 5 km. But it can fly further, if no adequate housing has been found in advance. Sometimes a swing breaks out for rest in three days and, exhausted, is implanted in any place, on the bushes, or even on the man who goes and begins to rebuild the nest. But, as a rule, such families are practically non-viable.

If the instinct of swaddling is not restrained, then a strong family can get drunk by letting go of 2-3. The causes of this phenomenon are unknown.

The mother's family is very weak after a large number of swaddling. She can not protect herself from the attack of thieves or to prepare the proper supply of food, and is usually doomed to death.